Causes and Implication of Juvenile Delinquency in District Faisalabad Pakistan
The word "juvenile delinquency" refers to minors acting illegally. Juvenile delinquency has several root causes, including psychological problems, cultural considerations, low family income, inadequate socialization, and engagement with bad peers. The future of any nation depends upon today’s children that’s why it is very important that children must be properly socialized enabling them to be productive asset of the nation. The current study's goals were to identify the socioeconomic backgrounds of the respondents, evaluate the causes of delinquency, and determine the effects of delinquency on offenders as well as their families. Juvenile offenders in the district of Faisalabad made up the study's subject population. A sample of 180 juvenile delinquents was selected from district Faisalabad. A random sample of 120 respondents from the Borstal Jail in Faisalabad was chosen, and 60 of them had in-person interviews (their residences were obtained from the records of the Borstal Jail in Faisalabad). For the data collection interview schedule was used. Collected data was analyzed with the help of SPSS. Results showed that (56.11%) of juvenile delinquents were involved in criminal activities because their parents were not giving them proper time, (43.33%) of delinquents commit a crime to fulfill the basic needs of family, (53.88%) committed crime because their families were facing financial problems and (66.11%) of respondents were involved in criminal activities due to family disputes. Hypothesis “Higher the level of financial problems in the family, higher will be the chances of juveniles to involve in criminal activities “was accepted. The government should address the identified issues to lower juvenile delinquency. The mechanism for parole and probation has to be strengthened. Reduced school dropout rates and training for parents to monitor kids' activities are both necessary. To lower juvenile delinquency, NGOs, the media, and other government organizations should take appropriate action.
Keywords: Juvenile delinquency, juvenile delinquents, deviance, crime, socio-economic characteristics.