OEconomia https://oeconomiajournal.com/index.php/Journal en-US OEconomia A Cordial letter to the “Quranists” https://oeconomiajournal.com/index.php/Journal/article/view/106 <p><em>There is a new wave of self proclaimed Muslims in today’s day and age who regard themselves as people who strictly follow the Quran solely. This implies that they completely reject and not believe in the literature of Prophetic sayings and lifestyle (hadith and sunnah). One of the label by which this sect goes is called “Quranists”. This letter is divided into three sections. The first section addresses the believers and followers of this thought, challenging their claim of following the Quran only i.e. if they follow the Quran they must follow the ways of Muhammad (PBUH) as well. In order to do this, five possible explanations are considered that a Quranist may have for its belief system, and then they are analysed from the lens of Quran and rationality. These include reasons that can be rooted in logic, emotions, ethics or simple malintent. Section two offers the audience possible consequences that the Quran itself promises those who disobey or reject the Prophet (PBUH) such as hellfire as their ultimate end. Lastly, the letter poses some questions for the quranist to ponder over and take action upon, rather than rationalising their actions, as that is the human essence of justifying the dissonance within ourselves.</em></p> Maira F. Maneka Copyright (c) 2024 OEconomia 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10.1234/oe.v7.i1.04 Use of Anthropometric Measures to Determine Child Malnutrition in Pakistan https://oeconomiajournal.com/index.php/Journal/article/view/102 <p><strong>Background: </strong>Child malnutrition has been a substantial and consistent public health issue worldwide for many years, significantly affecting child mortality and morbidity that is severely obstructive in children's survival and growth. <strong>Objective: </strong>This study aims to assess how socioeconomic and demographic factors, as well as community health facilities, are related to child malnutrition among children aged less than five years in Punjab, Pakistan. <strong>Method: </strong>Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2017-18 is conducted by the Bureau of Statistics, Pakistan, including men and women aged 15-49 years and children less than five years. Quantile Regression (QR) and Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) are used on anthropometric indicators to identify the factors contributing to child malnutrition in Pakistan. <strong>Results:</strong> A child's age, birth order, area of residence, sex, division, wealth index quintile, parental age, and education were significant determinants of child malnutrition.<strong>&nbsp;</strong>Female children are more likely to have higher stunting than male. Wealth index quantiles revealed the highest wasting in the poorer group compared to the richest. <strong>Conclusion</strong>: The OLS estimates can be deceptive when predicting the impact of factors at the lower end of the anthropometric indicator distribution. QR is a better approach than OLS to assess anthropometric distribution.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Malnutrition, Anthropometric indicators, Quantile Regression, Ordinary Least Squares</p> Dr. Sehar Saleem Dr. Seyab Yasin Mrs Maria Aslam Dr. Atif Khan Jadoon Miss Kiran Sarfraz Copyright (c) 2024 OEconomia 2024-02-13 2024-02-13 YouTube Advertisements: A blessing or a curse? Generation Z’s perspective about YouTube Advertisements https://oeconomiajournal.com/index.php/Journal/article/view/98 <p>The research studied impact of informativeness of YouTube ads on purchase intention of consumers, incorporating two moderators, irritability and entertainment and trendiness. The sample consisted of generation Z and the study focused on how generation Z perceives YouTube ads. For the purpose of data analyses AMOS software was used. Confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation model was incorporated in the study. The results depicted that Ad informativeness has a positive relationship with the purchase intention of the product or service being advertised (H1). The extant literature supports the result as it states informativeness has a positive relationship with purchase intention due to the fact that messages that are of high quality are more prone to cultivating the purchase impulse for consumers to purchase the product being advertised (Tan, 2021). If the advertisement is informative it will have a positive and significant impact on consumer’s purchase intention. There were two moderators being studied in the research, irritability and entertainment and trendiness.</p> Zoraq Mansoor Amina Talat Copyright (c) 2024 OEconomia 2024-01-12 2024-01-12 10.1234/oe.v7.i1.01 Impact of Financial Literacy and Self-Control on Financial Well-Being: A Mediating Role of Financial Behavior https://oeconomiajournal.com/index.php/Journal/article/view/100 <p><em>The study intends to investigate the impact of financial literacy and self-control on the financial well-being of individuals in a developing country like Pakistan, where we are facing certain peripheral issues such as a dense youth population and feeble financial outreach of the community. Henceforth, having substantial youth and the inability of the formal financial sector to cope with their growing needs the need of making rational financial decision making becomes imperative for the individual's well-being. </em><em>Precisely, we have highlighted the relationship and effect of financial literacy and self-control on the financial well-being of university students through the mediating role of financial behavior. Furthermore, the data was collected through a modified questionnaire comprising 26 items. </em><em>The results of the study affirm the importance of financial behavior and financial literacy on the financial well-being of individuals particularly, university dealing youth.</em><em>The outcomes of the study suggested that financial literacy is important for human well-being, henceforth, the study should be done at a wider scale by including the most sophisticated psychological constructs in the measuring scale. </em></p> Muzammil Khurshid Muhammad Azeem Abdullah Shiham Hassan Copyright (c) 2024 OEconomia 2024-01-12 2024-01-12 10.1234/oe.v7.i1.02 A Critical Review of Khalid Javed's Short Stories https://oeconomiajournal.com/index.php/Journal/article/view/105 <p><em>Khalid Javed is an important and reliable name of modern Urdu fiction. The fiction of the modern era and Khalid Javed is indispensable. The major critics of Urdu literature have called him a great fiction writer of the contemporary era. Khalid Javed is the modern era of Urdu fiction who has discovered a unique and unusual style for his fiction which is his specialty. In this chapter, our topic is limited to Khalid Javed's fiction writing. Therefore, we will examine his fictional art only. </em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr.Nusrat Jabeen Dr.Parveen Kallu Dr.Mutahir Shah Dr.Samina Shamshad Dr.Muhammad Rahman Dr.Subhanullah Copyright (c) 2024 OEconomia 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10.1234/oe.v7.i1.03 An Analytical Study of Nayer Masood's Stories Collection "Simiya" https://oeconomiajournal.com/index.php/Journal/article/view/109 <p><em>Nayer Masood is a reliable and important reference in the history of Urdu fiction. Nayer Masood is one of the fiction writers who changed the current tradition and changed the mood of fiction. The style of Nayer Masood is very unique. He pays more attention to the style than the subject. This is very much consciously and some of the characteristics of the Lucknow civilization are also influenced. The opinion of the critic Waris Alvi is correct in which he says that after reading Nayer Masood's fiction, tell what is in it. His example is like that of a dumb man who has eaten molasses, but nevertheless there are many gems in his creative experience that are capital for experts and nuclear critics.</em></p> Qamar Abbas Alvi Dr.Mamuna Subhani Dr.Ansar Abbas Dr.Mutahir Shah Dr.Parveen Kallu Dr.Muhammad Rahman Dr.Fatima Andleeb (Ph.D Urdu) Dr.Wajid Ali Copyright (c) 2024 OEconomia 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10.1234/oe.v7.i1.06 Interdisciplinary Insights: Al-Biruni's Travels through the Lens of History, Anthropology, and Science https://oeconomiajournal.com/index.php/Journal/article/view/107 <p>Al-Biruni, a luminary of the Islamic Golden Age, traversed the landscapes of the medieval world, leaving an indelible mark on diverse fields such as astronomy, geography, mathematics, anthropology, and history. This review provides an in-depth exploration of Al-Biruni's extensive travels, delving into their profound significance in shaping his intellectual pursuits and contributions. Through meticulous analysis of primary sources and scholarly interpretations, it elucidates the geographic breadth, cultural encounters, and methodological innovations characterizing Al-Biruni's journeys. The article investigates how his observations and insights continue to influence the understanding of various cultures, scientific methodologies, and historical narratives. By critically evaluating Al-Biruni's expeditions, this review not only illuminates the multifaceted dimensions of his scholarship but also underscores his enduring legacy as a trailblazer in the realms of knowledge exchange and cross-cultural understanding. Al-Biruni's travels stand as a testament to his insatiable curiosity and relentless pursuit of truth, offering invaluable insights into the medieval world and inspiring generations of scholars to explore the intersections of science, culture, and history.</p> Muhammad Farhan Ur Rehman (Corresponding Author) admi Hafiz Muhammad Kashif Muhammad Ajmal Hafiz Muhammad Ramzan Muhammad Sohail Muhammad Noor Copyright (c) 2024 OEconomia 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10.1234/oe.v7.i1.05