Empowering Education: Unraveling the Administrative Role of Head Teachers in Nankana Sahib, Punjab, Pakistan
Keywords:Morals, Development, Curriculum, Adolescent, Islamiyat, Altruism, Psychological need
School leaders play a critical role in shaping the educational environment by facilitating communication, establishing supportive social connections, engaging in mentoring programs, and promoting progress. The position of school head teacher in educational administration is well-established, yet there remains ambiguity surrounding the proper and functional role of this post. Conflicting perceptions and expectations about the responsibilities of school leaders have been evident in research studies, underscoring the need for a comprehensive conceptualization of their role. In this study, we employed a quantitative research design to investigate the perceptions of teachers regarding the role of school leaders in District Nankana Sahib. The study utilized a random sampling technique, and data were collected through self-made questionnaires. The findings reveal that educational administration is vital for the effective functioning of the institution's system. Notably, the analysis highlights the importance of the notion of responsibility deeply embedded in the organizational mindset of educational institutions. Educational responsibility emerges as a fundamental requirement and should be accorded a central role in organizing analytics within educational institutions. The research sheds light on teachers' attitudes towards the head teacher's role in directing primary education, administration, motivation, and decision-making. The positive perceptions of school leaders' curriculum supervision, provision of instructional materials, motivation efforts, and participatory decision-making highlight the significance of effective leadership in fostering a positive and conducive school environment. The study emphasizes the importance of school leaders in promoting collaborative decision-making, instructional competence, and a supportive learning environment, ultimately contributing to improved teaching practices and student performance. However, it is essential to recognize the limitations of the study, such as the context-specific nature of the findings and the sample size. Further research with larger and more diverse samples is necessary to gain a comprehensive understanding of the complexities of educational leadership and its impact on school outcomes. The study calls for continuous exploration and conceptual refinement of the role of school leaders to ensure effective educational administration and achievement of educational goals.